Have you heard of “user acceptance testing”? We are sure your answer would be “Yes” if you are involved in any part of the SDLC (Software Development Life Cycle).
“It’s All About the User”
When it comes to this type of software testing, as the name suggests, the user is the key element. The users are the people who’ll use the application, or the client for whom the application is developed. So, basically UAT is performed by the client or end-user.
So, it’s vital to make clients or users a part of the whole quality strategy in the software development as well as the usability testing process.
We know that each project is different and has different requirements. And so, in this blog, I am sharing some general recommendations about UAT phase. Let’s get started!
User Acceptance Testing (UAT) is the final stage of any software project where the final users, or their representatives, test the product and approve it before going live. You can also simply define it as the critical stage of any project where the final product is tested and approved by the client before it is released to production.
Once the product is tested by QA on testing instances like Stage and Alpha, the product is deployed on a separate testing instance/environment like Beta for UAT and is shared with the client for user acceptance. The main purpose of acceptance testing cycle is to validate the end-to-end business flow. During this phase, the client might also provide feedback, which can be included in the current release or can be prioritized and planned for future release.
UAT should be well-planned, structured, and documented as it is a critical phase of system implementation projects.
There are three basic questions for UAT that define the entire objective for user testing:
The other objectives of the UAT process are:
Before giving the product for UAT, we need to make sure that the following pointers are in place:
The user/client can begin with the UAT process once the product is developed. The time required for UAT may differ depending on how the user’s/client’s team proceeds with software testing.
The following steps are performed during any type of UAT:
1. Plan –
a. Plan the time frame and strategies for UAT.
b. Select the user testing team.
c. Select the technical writing team.
2. Design –
a. Identify and create a test plan with test scenarios, test cases, and test data covering all the software’s functional scenarios in real-world terms.
b. Facilitate easy review and early finish by sharing the test plan along with test scenarios and test cases with the client/user.
3. Execute –
a. Execute the test using the test data.
b. Document the test results.
c. Start preparing any release document, if required.
4. Update the code, retest and sign-off –
a. Resolve the defects found in the system with the help of the development team and re-test (UAT).
b. Send sign off mailer after UAT from the business analysis team.
After this, the product should be ready to release with no open critical defect.
1. Risk: There are issues in the product that fail UAT.
Mitigation: Before you hand over the product to the user for UAT, make sure to work on the following points:
2. Risk: The client/users start too late in the process OR are too busy for UAT.
Mitigation: Try to do a test run together to avoid the delay. Else, make sure to take progress reports from the users at regular intervals.
3. Risk: The user is blocking acceptance due to low priority items.
Mitigation: Communicate to the user and decide the priority and type of issue that should block acceptance. Anything outside the scope and low priority issues should be prioritized for the future releases.
In conclusion, UAT is an important stage of almost every project and keeping it in the forefront of your planning can really yield dividends, particularly in managing risk. We have covered enough points here which help you to understand the UAT in brief.
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